Art Students league, New York (1977-1978). Classes with Steven Kidd, David Leffel, Thomas Fogarty Jr., Robert Beverly Hale and Terence Coyle.
Met Dean of American animal artists Paul Bransom. New York City. (1977-1978)
Studies with American western and wildlife artist, Robert Lougheed, Santa Fe, New Mexico (1975-1982)
Okanagan Summer School of the Arts, wildlife drawing classes, Clarence Tillenius, instructor, July-October (1975-1982)
Worked with the following artists: Tom Lovell, John Clymer, George McLean, Paul Strisik, Wilson Hurley, Wayne Wolfe, and Jan Sharkey Thomas.
Attended Bob Kuhn Workshop, Jackson Hole, Wyoming (1984)
Mentors: Ruth Billard and Ralph Morrill, Peabody Museum, Yale Campus. New Haven, Connecticut. Studies pertaining to museum diorama methodology based on journals and techniques developed by master diorama artist, James Perry Wilson (understudy to William R. Leigh at the American Museum of Natural History, New York City). 1987